Asthma and allergies represent the most common chronic diseases in children. The severity of each condition varies in every individual child; however, both have the potential to cause a medical emergency. Dr. Meenu Jindal at Comprehensive Pediatric Care clinic in Dallas and Mesquite, Texas, has extensive experience assessing, diagnosing, and treating asthma and allergies in children. Please contact the practice or book an appointment online if you suspect your child may have asthma or an allergy, so your child gets proper treatment.
Asthma develops when airways in the lungs become chronically irritated and inflamed. As a result, bronchi (the narrow airways in lungs) become hypersensitive to substances like dust. These airways spasm when exposed to irritants, making it hard to breathe. Allergies often trigger an asthma attack.
Allergies begin when the immune system reacts to a substance that’s normally harmless. The immune system produces antibodies to identify the substance (the allergen); every time the allergen enters or touches the body, it’s recognized, histamines are released, and they cause allergy symptoms.
Commonly known as hay fever, allergic rhinitis — usually brought on by a variety of grass and plant pollens — is the most frequent allergy in children. While it’s typically seasonal, some children suffer these allergies year-round, triggered by mold and even dust mites.
A variety of substances may trigger asthma and allergies, including:
These substances cause allergies in children that may result in more severe reactions than hay fever:
The frequency and severity of asthma attacks vary in each child, but they all experience these symptoms:
Allergies often resemble a cold, because they cause nasal congestion and ear infections in young children. If your child’s cold symptoms last more than two weeks, there’s a good chance they have an allergy. These are the typical allergy symptoms:
If you suspect your child has asthma or allergies, please schedule an appointment at Comprehensive Pediatric Care for a thorough examination, allergy testing, and treatment.
In asthma, the airways are always inflamed, which means asthma can flare up at any time. Some allergies cause serious, life-threatening reactions. As a result, parents need to be prepared to help their child by having treatment on hand.